The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act – Summary Of The U.S. Supreme Court’s Ruling

The United States Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of most of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). The two key issues before the Court were the constitutionality of (1) the ACA’s “individual mandate,” which requires virtually everyone in the United States to buy health insurance or to pay a penalty for failing to do so, and (2) its requirement that states adopt new standards that would have significantly increased the number of Medicaid-eligible individuals (the so-called “Medicaid expansion”), or face loss of federal Medicaid funding.